Health Benefits of Black – chokeberry (ARONIA).
- Chokeberries are low in calories and fats.
100 g fresh berries carry the body about 50 calories. Nevertheless, it is one of the richest sources of natural flavonoid antioxidants anthocyanins.
- The ORAC (measuring antioxidant power of food) proves that chokeberry or otherwise Aronis with one of the highest prices recorded between black- 16 062 micro-molecules Trolox Equivalents (TE) per 100 g.
- Black chokeberries consist of considerable quantities of phenolic flavonoid phyto-chemicals called anthocyanins. Total anthocyanin content is 1480 mg per 100 g fresh berries, and proanthocyanidin concentration is 664 mg per 100 g (Wu et al. 2004, 2006). Scientific studies have shown that consumption of berries on a regular basis offers potential health benefits against cancer, aging and neurological diseases, inflammation, diabetes and bacterial infections. (- From Dr. Paul Gross, 07.09.2007).
- Laboratory analyzes of anthocyanins in chokeberries have identified the following individual chemicals: cyanidin-3-galactoside, quercetin, peonidin, delphinidin, petunidin, epicatechin, caffeic acid, and pelargonidin malvidin. These poly-phenolic antioxidants flavonoids have proved the health benefits by scanning harmful oxygen free radicals from the body.
- Cancer Research anthocyanin in black chokeberry preparations first used to inhibit chemically induced cancer in the rat esophagus and found to reduce the severity of disease at 30-60% and that of the colon with up to 80%. Effective at the opening and promotion / progression stages of tumor growth, these berries can be a handy tool for research and hold a promising therapeutic resources, as they contain the highest amount of anthocyanins among native berries of North America [ J. Agric. Food Chem. 50 (12): 3495-500].
- They are also rich in flavonoid anti-oxidants such as carotenoids, and luteins zeaxanthins. Zea-xanthine affect photo-filter for UV rays and thus protects the eyes from age-related macular disease in the elderly (ARMD).
- Further, it is also good sources of many antioxidant vitamins such as vitamin-C, vitamin A, vitamin E, beta-carotene and folic acid, and minerals such as potassium, iron and manganese. 100 g fresh berries provide about 35% of the daily-recommended levels of vitamin C.