Aronia or aronia melanocarpa, known as “black chokeberry and their products, have attracted much scientific interest in recent years. According to studies, Aronia has very high concentration of polyphenols and more particularly flavonoids such as anthocyanins and tannins. Flavonoids contained or otherwise known as natural antioxidants- vitamin P are found in Aronia berry in very high levels, the highest recorded on the scale ORAC. (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity), a method of measuring antioxidant capacities in biological samples in vitro.
The extremely high content of the biologically active substances wins Aronia berry the leading position.
Genus: Name comes from the Greek word “aria” the name for a species of “Sorbus” of which the fruits resemble chokeberry.
Specific epithet comes from the words melano meaning black and carpa meaning fruit in reference to the ripe fruits of this shrub.
The common name of chokeberry is in reference to the tart and bitter taste of the fruits which are technically edible but so astringent as to cause choking in most of those who try.
Description: The Aronia (Aronia melanocarca), (Black Chokeberry) is a very important and valuable medical plant. From the very beginning it was cultivated in Eastern North America and North Canada. It’s cultivation in Europe started after the 2nd World War as long as its medical value has been recognized. The Aronia holds the leading position in international scale of medical plants.
Aronia is a very delicious and edible fruit due to its precious nutrient (pectin). It is used in jams, juices, liqueurs and wine. The fruit is used in pharmaceutical industry because it contains Vitamin C at very high levels (15-30mg at 100gr) and a wealth of vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, C, K, P. It has been proven that the fruit prevents from radiation and removes toxicity from liver and nervous system caused by the accumulation of cadmium. It is considered valuable for its medical properties due to its high content of vital polyphenols (5 times more than grapes). It has powerful antioxidants which contain histamines, serotonins, polyphenols and used to prevent heart disease, to produce good cholesterol and to fight diabetes, viruses and germs. It stabilizes the blood pressure, reduces cholesterol, fights inflammation of the urinary system, has anti-aging properties and helps in memory improvement. In Russia, it is used as a diuretic, because it increases the excretion of urine, but also as a drug for the reduction of high blood pressure and in dermatology. It also contains nutrients that are considered as anti-cancer, especially for colon cancer. In Germany, its consumption is recommended by many researchers for preventing various diseases. In pharmacies various formulations of Aronia are sold. Its fruits and juice strengthen the immune system.
- Reduces the possibility of heart attack and protects of heart disease.
- Reduces the possibility of cancer.
- Large source of antioxides.
- Relaxes the muscles after hard work activity.
- Have anti-inflammatory properties.
- Fights the bacteria that cause flu.
- Strengthens the memory.
- Relieves from bronchitis.
- Weight control, prevention of obesity & overweight
- Crucial component of anti-wrinkle diets
- Balance of blood pressure
- Improve blood circulation
- Prevention and help in treatment of Diabetes
- Protection against digestive system disorders
- Eye protection
- Protection & treatment of effect of exposure to xenobiotics (e.g. toxic heavy metals)